Menu Close

Internet of Things (IoT)

Internet of Things (IoT) is the family of globally distributed physical smart objects connected via the Internet. It can be described by a layered structure which consists of physical objects, communication networks, and the Cloud.
IoT involves extending Internet connectivity beyond standard devices, such as desktops, laptops, smartphones and tablets, to any range of traditionally dumb or non-internet-enabled physical devices and everyday objects. Embedded with technology, these devices can communicate and interact over the Internet, and they can be remotely monitored and controlled.
The definition of the Internet of things has evolved due to convergence of multiple technologies, real-time analytics, machine learning, commodity sensors, and embedded systems. Traditional fields of embedded systems, wireless sensor networks, control systems, automation (including home and building automation), and others all contribute to enabling the Internet of things.

IoT concerns four major areas:

  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Communications
  • Cybersecurity

Important Internet of Things Components

Many people mistakenly think of IoT as an independent technology. Interestingly internet of things is being enabled by the presence of other independent technologies which make fundamental components of IoT.

The fundamental components that make internet of things a reality are:

  • Hardware-Making physical objects responsive and giving them capability to retrieve data and respond to instructions
  • Software-Enabling the data collection, storage, processing, manipulating and instructing
  • Communication Infrastructure-Most important of all is the communication infrastructure which consists of protocols and technologies which enable two physical objects to exchange data
Rate this post
Skip to toolbar